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A List of the Parasitic Mites of the Accipitriformes and Falconiformes (updated from Philips 2000 Raptor Res. 34(3): 210-231)

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RAPTOR                                                                              MITE                         HABITAT                  REFERENCES

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Family Accipitridae                                                                   Epidermoptidae1                       skin                  Herman 1945

                                                                                                Knemidocoptes sp.                  skin                  Cooper 1978, 1985

 

Shikra (Accipiter badius)                                                         Coraciacarus sp.2                    feathers            McClure & Ratanaworabhan

                                                                                                                                                                        1971
                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1977

Bicolored Hawk (Accipiter bicolor)                                         mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert 1953, Maa 1969

Chestnut-Flanked Sparrowhawk (Accipiter castanilius)           Aetacarus andrei                     feathers            Gaud 1983b

 

Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)                                       Proaposolenidia accipitris       feathers            Mironov et al. 2007

                                                                                                Neonyssus sp.2                         nasal cavity       Peters 1936

                                                                                                Syringophilidae n. g.                  quills                 Philips, present work

 

Brown Goshawk (Accipiter fasciatus)                                     Speleognathopsis accipitris     nasal cavity       Domrow 1969, Domrow

                                                                                                                                                                        1991

 

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)                                    mites1                                       skin                  Walter 1989

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus2, 3   feathers            Nordberg 1936, Niethammer

                                                                                                                                                            1938, Dubinin 1956
                                                                                    Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Niethammer 1938, Dubinin

                                                                                                                                                            1956

                                                                                    Hieracolichus n. sp.                 feathers            Philips, present work

                                                                                                Neottialges vitzthumi              subcutaneous    Vitzthum 1934, Fain 1967
                                                                                                Ornithonyssus sylviarum         skin/nest           Cooper 1978, 1985

 

Slaty-mantled Sparrowhawk (Accipiter luteoschistaceus)        mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

 

Black Goshawk (Accipiter melanoleucus)                               Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956c, 1957

Little Sparrowhawk (Accipiter minullus)                                  Aetacarus andrei                     feathers            Gaud 1983b
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956c, 1957

 

Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)                                  mites1                                       skin                  Newton 1979, Walter 1989

                                                                                                Knemidocoptes spp.                skin                  Malley & Whitbread 1996

                                                                                                Dermoglyphus elongatus2       quills                 Dubinin 1956

                                                                                                Dubininia accipitrina              feathers            Niethammer 1938

                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Niethammer 1938, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1953, Dubinin 1956, Vasilev

                                                                                                                                                                        1961, 1962, Shumilo et al.

                                                                                                                                                                        1973, Mironov 1997

                                                                                                Megninia sp.2                                                  Niethammer 1938

                                                                                                Microlichus avus1                    skin                  Walter 1989

                                                                                                Microlichus sp.1, 2                    skin                  Ash & Hughes 1952

                                                                                                Myialges? sp.1                         skin                  Ash & Hughes 1952

                                                                                                Myialges uncus1                      skin                  Walter 1989

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Anon. 1963

                                                                                               Megasyringophilus aquilus     quills                  Skoracki 2011

                                                                                               Peristerophila accipitridicus   quills                  Skoracki 2011

 

Grey Goshawk (Accipiter novaehollandiae)                            mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966, 1969

 

Ovampo Sparrowhawk (Accipiter ovampensis)                       Aposolenidia anomogonima   feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1974
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956c, 1957

Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)                                 mites1                                                skin                  Bequaert 1953, Fain 1965,

                                                                                                                                                                        Maa 1969
                                                                                                Dermanyssus americanus       skin/nest           Philips 1993

                                                                                                Harpyrhynchoides accipiter                            Bochkov and OConnor 2013

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus iheringi            skin/nest           Dusbàbek & Cerny 1971

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus sylviarum                                Knee and Proctor 2007

                                                                                                Syringophilidae n. g.                  quills                Philips, present work

 

African Goshawk (Accipiter tachiro)                                       Aetacarus andrei                     feathers            Gaud 1983b
                                                                                                Myialges asturi                        skin                  Fain 1965
                                                                                                Myialges falconis                    skin                  Fain 1965

Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus)                                 feather mites                             feathers            Maa & Kuo 1965
                                                                                                mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

 

Besra (Accipiter virgatus)                                                       feather mites                             feathers            Maa & Kuo 1965
                                                                                                mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           McClure & Ratanaworabhan

                                                                                                                                                                        1971

 

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)                                            Harpirhynchidae sp.                  skin                  Schulz 1990

                                                                                                Knemidocoptes sp.                  skin                  Fimrite 2014

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Trouessart 1884, Lönnfors

                                                                                                                                                                        1930, Radford 1953, 1958,

                                                                                                                                                                        Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Sarcoptes rupicaprae2             mammals          Valentincic & Kušej 1989

 

Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga)                                     Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956

Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956

Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina)                                 Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Radford 1953, 1958, Dubinin

                                                                                                                                                                        1956

                                                                                                Megasyringophilus aquilus     quills                Skoracki et al. 2010,
                                                                                                                                                                       Skoracki 2011

African Tawny-Eagle (Aquila rapax)                                        Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pyonacarus aquilinus
               quills                Dabert & Ehrnsberger
                                                                                                                                                                         1992

                                                                                                Megasyringophilus aquilus     quills                Skoracki et al. 2010
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956c, 1957, Gaud &

                                                                                                                                                                         Till 1961

 

Verreaux’s Eagle (Aquila verreauxii)                                       Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud 1983b

Wahlberg’s Eagle (Aquila wahlbergi)                                      Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud 1983b

 

Grey-lined Hawk (Asturina nitida)                                          Hemicheylabis praecox           feathers            Trouessart, 1885, Gaud &

                                                                                                                                                                        Atyeo 1984

African Baza (Aviceda cuculoides)                                          Aetacarus avicedae                 feathers            Gaud 1983b
                                                                                                Hieracolichus ostodus             feathers            Gaud 1983b

Pacific Baza (Aviceda subcristata)                                          Tinaminyssus epileus               nasal cavity       Wilson, 1964, 1965

 

Grasshopper Buzzard (Butastur rufipennis)                             Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956b, 1957

Buteo sp.                                                                                 Blankaartia alleei                    skin/nest           Wharton & Fuller 1952

 

Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonotatus)                                    Eutrombicula alfreddugesi3    skin/nest           Philips 1978

Augur Buzzard (Buteo augur                                                Falconyssus buteonis                nasal cavity       Fain 1956b

Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)                                              Pseudalloptinus aquilinus2, 3   feathers            Nordberg 1936, Niethammer

                                                                                                                                                                        1938

                                                                                                Harpyrhynchoides tracheatus      skin             Fritsch 1954
                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Radford 1953, 1958
                                                                                                Myialges pari1                         skin                  Büttiker & Cerny 1974
                                                                                                Prostigmata larva1                                             Büttiker & Cerny 1974
                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Gaud 1988
                                               
Galapagos Hawk (Buteo galapagoensis)                                 mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1969

                                                                                                Myialges caulotoon1                skin                  Harmon et al 1990, Madden

                                                                                                                                                                        & Harmon 1998, Whiteman

                                                                                                                                                                        et al. 2006

 

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)                                      mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert 1953, Maa 1969
Aetacarus n. sp                       feathers            Philips, present work

                                                                                                Eutrombicula alfreddugesi     skin/nest           Loomis 1956

                                                                                                Gabucinia tistata                                            Elbihari 1968,

                                                                                                                                                                         Mayberry et al. 2000
                                                                                                Harpyrhynchoides sp.             skin                  Philips, present work

                                                                                                Harpyrhynchoides tracheatus skin                  Bochkov & Galloway 2013

                                                                                                Myialges falconis1                   skin                  Fain & Philips 1991

                                                                                                Peristerophila columbae         quills                 Casto 1976

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus sp.                                          Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Pterolichoidea sp.                                              Forrester & Spalding 2003
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956b, 1957

                                                                                                Syringophilidae n. g.                  quills                 Philips, present work

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)                                   Dermonoton sp.2                                              Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Haemogamasus reidi2             mammals          Redington 1970
                                                                                                Hieracolichus n. sp.                feathers             Kurey 1976
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus sp.                 feathers            Kurey 1976

Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)                                      mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1969

                                                                                                Cystoidosoma sacculipyga      quills                Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992

                                                                                                Myialges bombycillae1            skin                  Philips & Fain 1991,

                                                                                                                                                                        Valim et al. 2011

                                                                                                Ptilonyssus souzai                   nasal cavity       Pereira & Castro 1949

 

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)                                Hieracolichus n. sp.                 feathers            Philips, present work

                                                                                                Syringophilidae n. g.                  quills                 Philips, present work

 

Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis)                                            mites                                                                Bechard & Schmutz, 1995

Swainson’s Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)                                     Atyeous texanus                                             Elbihari 1968, Mayberry et al. 2000

                                                                                             Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers              Kurey 1976

Great Black-Hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga)                           mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1969

                                                                                                Eutrombicula batatas             skin/nest           Brennan & Yunker 1966

Short-toed Snake-Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)                           Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Radford 1953, 1958, Dubinin

                                                                                                                                                                        1956

Western Marsh-Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)                          Pseudalloptes bisubulatus2     feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Dubinin 1956

 

Cinereous Harrier (Circus cinereous)                                       Ingrassiinae sp.1                        feathers            Philips & Fain 1991

 

Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)                                           Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Dubinin 1956, Cerny 1967,

                                                                                                                                                                        Kurey 1976

Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus)                                            mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

                                                                                                Aetacarus leptotrichus            feathers            Gaud 1983b

                                                                                                Myialges macdonaldi1             skin                  Philips & Fain 1991

Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus)                                      Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Niethammer 1938, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1953
                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Dubinin 1956

 

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)                              Aetacarus elanoides                feathers            Meyer 1995,

                                                                                                                                                                        Proctor, Zimmerman &

                                                                                                                                                                        Meyer 2006

                                                                                                 Aetacarus sp.                                                 Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Macrocheles sp.2                     litter/nest          Meyer 1995,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Meyer 1995,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Proaposolenidia elanoides      feathers            Mironov et al. 2007

 

Black-Winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)                                    Cheylabis latus                        feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1984
                                                                                                Falconyssus elani                    nasal cavity       Fain 1966a

                                                                                                Neottialges elani                     subcutaneous    Fain 1969

 

Australian Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus notatus)                  Cheylabis latus                        feathers            Gaud 1983a
                                                                                                Odontacarus australiensis      skin/nest           Domrow 1966, 1991

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Domrow 1966

 

Pearl Kite (Gampsonyx swainsonii)                                        Aposolenidia striata                feathers            Mironov et al. 2007

                                               

Palm-nut Vulture (Gypohierax angolensis)                              mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

                                                                                                Aetacarus hyalothrix              feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b
                                                                                                Hieracolichus orthochaetus    feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud 1983b

                                                                                                Myialges n. sp.1                       skin                  Philips & Fain 1991
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus africanus       feathers            Gaud 1988

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus odontopus     feathers           Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988

 

White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus)                                   Ancyralges cometus                feathers            Gaud 1966, 1988
                                                                                                Hemicheylabis sikyonemus     feathers            Gaud 1988
                                                                                                Hieracolichus africanus          feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b

Cape Griffon (Gyps coprotheres)                                             Gypsodectes verrucosus3        subcutaneous    Fain 1984
                                                                                                Androlaelaps patersoni           skin/nest           Zumpt & Till 1956, Till 1963
                                                                                                Ramogabucinia doleosikya     feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1974, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b

Eurasian Griffon (Gyps fulvus)                                                  Gypsodectes vulturis             subcutaneous    Dubinin 1951, 1956, Fain

                                                                                                                                                                        1967

 

Haliaeetus sp.                                                                          Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Radford 1953, 1958

 

White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)                                  Aetacarus phylloproctus         feathers            Dubinin 1956,
                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Aetacarus sp.                                                   Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Megninia picimajoris2                                     Niethammer 1938

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956, Vasilev 1961,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003
                                                                                                Pterolichus obtusus2               feathers            Niethammer 1938

 

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)                                    Analgesidae2                                                     Spencer 1941

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956, Vasilev 1961

                                                                                                Syringophilidae n.g.                   quills                 Philips, present work

 

White-bellied Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)                   Aetacarus phylloproctus         feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Petitot 1948b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Radford 1953, 1958, Gaud &

                                                                                                                                                                        Atyeo 1974
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus odontopus     feathers            Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988

 

Pallas’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucorhyphus)                         Aetacarus phylloproctus         feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956, Vasilev 1961
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus odontopus     feathers            Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988

 

Steller’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)                               Aetacarus phylloproctus         feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956, Vasilev 1961

Solomon Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus sanfordi)                               Ornithogastia riversi               skin/nest           Wharton & Hardcastle 1946,

                                                                                                                                                                        Goff 1980
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus odontopus     feathers            Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988

African Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer)                                   Aetacarus puylaerti                 feathers            Gaud 1983b
                        Hemifreyana marginata2        feathers            Gaud & Till 1961

                                                                                                Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Gaud 1988

Madagascar Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides)                   Aetacarus sp.                          feathers            Atyeo, pers. comm.

 

Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)                                              Aetacarus haliasturi                feathers            Mégnin & Trouessart 1884d,

                                                                                                                                                                        Radford 1953, 1958, Dubinin

                                                                                                                                                                        1956

                                                                                                mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1969

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus milvulinus     feathers            Radford 1953, 1958,

                                                                                                                                                                        Dubinin 1956

Harpy Eagle (Harpyia harpyja)                                               Hieracolichus hirundo feathers            Radford 1953, 1958

Solitary Eagle (Harpyhaliaetus soliltarius)                               Temnalges sp.1, 2                     feathers            Philips & Fain 1991

 

Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle (Hieraaetus ayresii)                                Aetacarus eurychaetus            feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b
                                                                                                Hieracolichus orthochaetus    feathers            Gaud & Till 1961

 

Bonelli’s Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus)                                      Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Gaud 1983c

Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)                                       hypopus mites                           skin                  Hamerton 1941

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Dubinin 1956

 

Red-throated Caracara (Ibycter americanus)                         Hieracolichus n. sp.                  feathers            Mironov et al.

                                                                                                                                                                        2007

                                                                                               Metagabucinia caracarae        feathers            Mironov et al. 2007

                  

Grey-headed Fish-Eagle (Icthyophaga icthyaetus)                  Aetacarus phylloproctus         feathers            Radford 1958

Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)                                 Aetacarus sp.                          feathers            Kurey 1976

Lizard Buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus)                        Aetacarus andrei                     feathers            Gaud 1983b
                                                                                                Myialges anchora1                  skin                  Fain 1965
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1959a

White Hawk (Leucopternis albicollis)                                     Temnalges sp.1, 2                     feathers            Philips & Fain 1991

 

Long-crested Eagle (Lophoaetus occipitalis)                           Falconyssus buteonis              nasal cavity       Fain 1956b

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus milvulinus     feathers            Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1988
                                                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Gaud 1988

 

Bat Hawk (Macheirhamphus alcinus)                                     mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1966

                                                                                                Myialges macdonaldi1             skin                  Philips & Fain 1991

 

Gabar Goshawk (Melierax gabar)                                           Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     nasal cavity       Fain 1956b, 1957

Dark Chanting-Goshawk (Melierax metabates)                       Aposolenidia anomogonima   feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1974

Black Kite (Milvus migrans)                                                    Hemicheylabis sp.                   feathers            Atyeopers. comm.
                                                                                                Aetacarus hyalothrix              feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961
                                                                                                Aetacarus milvi                       feathers            Gaud 1983b, D'Souza et al.

                                                                                                                                                                        1986
                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus milvulinus     feathers            Dubinin 1956
                                                                                                Pyonacarus polysarcus           feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1976, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988
                                                                                                Schoutedenocoptes aquilae     feathers            Fain 1956b, 1957
                                                                                                Tinaminyssus columbae          feathers            Fain 1957

Red Kite (Milvus milvus)                                                         Pseudalloptinus milvulinus     feathers            Trouessart 1884, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1953, 1958, Dubinin 1956
 

Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus)                                Hemicheylabis sikyonemus     feathers            Gaud 1988

                                                                                                Hieracolichus monachi           feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus glossocercus feathers           Gaud 1988
                                                                                                Ramogabucinia furciseta        feathers            Gaud 1983b

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)                                                    mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert 1953

                                                                                                Analloptes buettikeri               feathers            Mironov 1997

                                                                                                Analloptes sp.                          feathers            Gaud & Atyeo 1979, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983a, Miller et al. 1997,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003
                                                                                                Bonnetella fusca                      feathers            Buchholz 1869, Canestrini &

                                                                                                                                                                        Kramer 1899, Lönnfors 1930,

                                                                                                                                                                        Niethammer 1938, Spencer

                                                                                                                                                                        1941, Mrciak & Brander

                                                                                                                                                                        1967, McClure &

                                                                                                                                                                        Ratanaworabhan 1971,

                                                                                                                                                                        Kurey 1976, Gaud 1983a,

                                                                                                                                                                        Mironov 1991, 1997,

                                                                                                                                                                        Miller et al. 1997,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spaulding 2003

                                                                                                  Myialges caulotoon1                skin                Philips & Fain 1991

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus sylviarum                                 Knee and Proctor 2007

Harris’s Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)                                    Neoschoengastia americana   skin/nest           Loomis & Crossley 1963,

                                                                                                                                                                        Mayberry et al. 2000

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus sp.                 feathers             Atyeo, pers. comm.

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus milvulinus                              Elbihari 1961,

                                                                                                                                                                          Mayberry 2000

European Honey-Buzzard (Pernis apivorus)                            feather mites                             feathers            Maa & Kuo 1965
                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Niethammer 1938, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1953
                                                                                                Hieracolichus ramosus            feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b

African Harrier-Hawk (Polyboroides typus)                             Hieracolichus similis               feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,
                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b

Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)                                     Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud 1983b
                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus aquilinus       feathers            Gaud 1983c

Whitebacked Vulture (Pseudogyps africanus)                         Dermanyssus gallinae             skin/nest           Umech 1999

 

Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)                                             mites sp.                                                         Bennetts et al. 1988,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003      

                                                                                                  Aetacarus  sp.                                               Forrester & Spalding 2003 

                                                                                                 Dermonoton sp.2                                            Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                 Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Phillis et al. 1976, Sykes &

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester 1983, Sykes et al.

                                                                                                                                                                        1995, Forrester & Spalding 2003

 

Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela)                                 Coraciacarus cuculi2               feathers            Radford 1958

Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus)                        Coraciacarus sp.2                    feathers            McClure & Ratanaworabhan

                                                                                                                                                                        1971

Crowned Hawk-Eagle (Stephanoetus coronatus)                    Aetacarus hyalothrix              feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961
                                                                                                Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud & Mouchet 1959b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983b

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus odontopus     feathers            Gaud & Till 1961, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1988

 

Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus)                                            Hieracolichus dobyi                feathers            Gaud 1983b

                                                                                                Peristerophila accipitridicus   quills                 Skoracki et al. 2010
 

White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis)                      Hieracolichus monachi           feathers            Gaud 1983b

 

Long-tailed Hawk (Urotriorchis macrourus)                           Myialges caulotoon1                skin                  Philips & Fain 1991

                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia sp.1              feathers            Philips & Fain 1991

 

Family Cathartidae

 

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)                                             mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert 1953, Maa 1969

                                                                                                Ancyralges cathartinus           feathers            Mironov and Galloway 2003

                                                                                                Ancyralges sp.                         feathers            Kurey 1976,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Cathartacarus aurae              feathers            Mironov and Galloway 2003

                                                                                                Glaucalges sp.2                                               Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers            Peters 1936, Kurey 1976,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Peters 1936, 

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Ptilonyssus ohioensis              nasal cavity       Fain & Johnston 1966

 

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture (Cathartes burrovianus)          Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers            Atyeo, pers. comm.

 

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)                                            mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert  1953

                                                                                                Eutrombicula alfreddugesi     skin/nest           Wharton & Fuller 1952

                                                                                                Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers            Kurey 1976
                                                                                                Histiogaster1, 2                         trees                Philips & Fain 1991

                                                                                                Ptilonyssus donatoi                 nasal cavity       Pereira & Castro 1949

                                                                                                Sancassania sp.1, 2                   litter/nest           Philips & Fain 1991

 

Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)                                            Hieracolichus spp.                   feathers            Atyeo, pers. comm.

 

Family Falconidae

 

Falco sp.                                                                                 mites1                                       skin                  Bequaert 1953, Fain 1965

                                                                                                Ptilonyssus cerchneis              nasal cavity       Bregetova 1964
Saker/Peregrine hybrids                                                            Dermanyssus gallinae             skin/nest           Malley & Whitbread 1996

 

Grey Kestrel (Falco ardosiaceus)                                            Pseudalloptes falconis            feathers            Gaud 1983a

Brown Falcon (Falco berigora)                                               Boydaia falconis                      nasal cavity       Domrow 1991

                                                                                                Leptotrombidium nissani        skin/nest           Domrow & Lester 1985
                                                                                                Ptilonyssus cerchneis              nasal cavity       Domrow 1965, 1967, 1969

                                                                                                Odontacarus nadchatrami      skin/nest           Goff 1979

Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus)                                             Pseudalloptes falconis            feathers            Gaud 1983a
                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia microdisca2 feathers            Gaud 1983a

Australian Kestrel (Falco cenchroides)                                    Leptotrombidium nissani        skin/nest           Domrow 1974,

                                                                                                                                                                        Domrow & Lester 1985
                                                                                                Odontacarus australiensis      skin/nest           Domrow 1966, 1991

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa               skin/nest           Domrow 1977
                                                                                                Ornithonyssus sylviarum         skin/nest           Domrow 1987
                                                                                                Ptilonyssus cerchneis              nasal cavity       Domrow 1965, 1967, 1969

 

Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera)                                     Pseudalloptes falconis            feathers            Gaud 1983a

Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug)                                                 Dermanyssus sp.                      skin/nest           Wheeldon, pers. comm.

Merlin (Falco columbarius)                                                     Dubininia accipitrina              feathers            Vasilev 1958, Cerny 1967,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud 1980, 1983a
                                                                                                Gabuciniidae                             feathers            Kurey 1976
                                                                                                Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers            Gaud 1983a
                                                                                                Microlichus avus1                    skin                  Hill et al. 1967

                                                                                               Ornithonyssus sylviarum                                  Knee and Proctor 2007

African Hobby (Falco cuvieri)                                                 Boydaia falconis                      nasal cavity       Fain 1956a

Eleonora’s Falcon (Falco eleonorae)                                       Acarina sp.                                                       Wink et al. 1979

                                                                                                Kramerella major2                  feathers            Mégnin & Trouessart 1884a

                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  feathers            Dubinin 1953, 1956,

                                                                                                                                                                        Radford 1958, Gaud 1983a

Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni)                                            Dubininia accipitrina              feathers            Gaud & Petitot 1948a, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1958, 1983a

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)                                        Aetacarus? sp.                        feathers            Kurey 1976

                                                                                                Glaucalges attenuatus1          feathers            Niethammer 1938
                                                                                                Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Dubinin 1956, Cerny 1967,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud 1983a

                                                                                                Pandalura strigisoti2                                       Niethammer 1938

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus sp.                 feathers            Kurey 1976, Gaud 1983a

                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia3 feathers            Nordberg 1936, Niethammer

                                                                                                                                                                        1938, Dubinin 1953, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1958, Gaud 1983a

Oriental Hobby (Falco severus)                                               Ornithogastia riversi               skin/nest          Wharton & Hardcastle 1946,

                                                                                                                                                                         Goff 1980

 

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)                                       Dubininia sp.                       feathers            Philips 1990
                                                                                                Tytodectes cerchneis3            subcutaneous    Philips & Dindal 1979,

                                                                                                                                                                        Philips 1990
                                                                                                Blankaartia velascoi               skin/nest           Wharton & Fuller 1952
                                                                                                Boydaia falconis                      nasal cavity       Pence & Casto 1976

                                                                                                Boydaia sp.                              nasal cavity       Knee et al. 2008

                                                                                                Epopolichus minor                   feathers            Gonzalez-Acuna et al. 2011
                                                                                                Ornithonyssus sylviarum         skin                   Lesko & Smallwood 2012

                                                                                                Ptilonyssus cerchneis              nasal cavity       Strandtmann 1962, Knee

                                                                                                                                                                         et al. 2008

Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo)                                           Epopolichus minor                   feathers           Gaud & Atyeo 1996
                                                                                                Microlichus falco                     skin                  Fain & Gaud 1972, Fain

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud & Philips 1987, Fain

                                                                                                                                                                        & Grootaert 1996

                                                                                                Neottialges heteropus             subcutaneous    Giebel 1861, 1871, Fain 1967

                                                                                                Pseudalloptinus minor            feathers            Mégnin & Trouessart 1884b,

                                                                                                                                                                        Canestrini & Kramer 1899,

                                                                                                                                                                        Dubinin 1956, Gaud 1983a

                                                                                                Pseudogabucinia intermedia  skin                  Niethammer 1938, Radford

                                                                                                                                                                        1953, 1958, Vasilev 1961,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud 1983a

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)                                      Boydaia falconis                      nasal cavity       Fain 1963a

                                                                                                Cheyletiella sp.4                                              Niethammer 1938
                                                                                                Dubininia accipitrina              feathers            Trouessart, 1885, Canestrini

                                                                                                                                                                        & Kramer 1899, Niethammer

                                                                                                                                                                        1938, Radford 1953, 1958,

                                                                                                                                                                        Gaud 1958, 1983a

                                                                                                Epopolichus minor                feathers              Chirov & Mironon 1988

                                                                                                Megninia sp.2                                                  Niethammer 1938
                                                                                                Myialges sp. nr. pari1               skin                  Philips & Fain 1991
                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa                skin                  Liebana et al. 2011

                                                                                                Protolichus lunula2                 feathers            Vasilev 1961

                                                                                                Pseudalloptes falconis            nasal cavity       Gaud 1983a
                                                                                                Ptilonyssus cerchneis              nasal cavity       Fain 1957

                                                                                                Tytodectes cerchneis               subcutaneous    Fain 1966b
                                                                                                Tytodectes falconis                 subcutaneous    Fain 1969

Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus)                                   Hieracolichus nisi                    feathers            Shumilo et al 1973, Gaud

                                                                                                                                                                        1983a

Barred Kestrel (Falco zoniventris)                                          Aetacarus sp.                          feathers            Gaud 1983a

Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis)                             Ingrassiinae sp.1                        feathers            Philips & Fain 1991

 

Collared Falconet (Microhierax caerulescens)                         Coraciacarus sp.2                    feathers            McClure & Ratanaworabhan

                                                                                                                                                                        1971

Philippine Falconet (Microhierax erythrogenys)                       mites1                                       skin                  Maa 1969

 

Yellow-headed Caracara (Milvago chimachima)                     mites1                                        skin                  Bequaert 1953

                                                                                      Gabucinia sp.                          feathers            San-Martin Ordenes

                                                                                                                                                               et al. 2005

                                                                                      Dubininia accipitrina               feathers            San-Martin Ordenes

                                                                                                                                                               et al. 2005

                                                                                      Ptilonyssus souzai                  nasal cavity       Pereira & Castro 1949

 

                                                                                     Syringophilidae sp.                    feathers            San-Martin Ordenes

                                                                                                                                                               et al. 2005

 

Crested Caracara (Polyborus plancus)                                    Dubininia sp.                                                   Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Eutrombicula batatas             skin/nest           Brennan & Yunker 1966
                                                                                                Hieracolichus sp.                     feathers            Kurey 1976,

                                                                                                                                                                        Forrester & Spalding 2003

                                                                                                Ornithonyssus bursa                                       Forrester & Spalding 2003

Family Sagittariidae

Secretary-Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius)                                Aetacarus laurencei                feathers            Gaud 1983b
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1 These mites were found on louseflies (Hippoboscidae) on the bird .

 2 These are incorrectly identified or accidental records.

 3 Nest record. 

4 Cheyletiella is now restricted to mammal parasites; there are four other genera of bird parasites in the Family Cheyletiellidae.